Minggu, 20 November 2011

Eiffel tower, icon of the Paris City

Eiffel tower is identical and historic building in  Paris City. The haritage of this historic can be said symbol of the Paris City, and became a magnet for millions of tourists all over the world for visit it. visit to France is incomplete if it does not visit the Eiffel. Eiffel Tower is located in the Champ de Mars, the River Seine, Paris. Eiffel is a global icon of France, famous buildings in the world even one of the wonders of the world. This tower was built in 1889 and designed by Gustave Eiffel, so the name also derives from the name eiffel designer. More than 200,000,000 people have visited the tower since its construction in 1889, even in 2006 reached 6.7192 million a fantastic journey, so that the visit object of most tourists in the world. tower structure 325 m high, is approximately equal to the 81 floor building.

Eiffel Tower Data

Construction January 28, 1887 - March 30, 1889 (2 years, 2 months, 5 days)
In the Wake by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel
Architect Charles Leon Stephen Sauvestre
Construction cost 7.4 million Frances
Building materials materials made of wrought iron. The foundation made of reinforced
Size Height 300.65 m (without antenna), 324 m (with antenna)
Base surface area 350 m2.
Weight 7,000 tons.
Access Lifts and Elevator
The number of households 1710 steps (step).

Since 1889 this tower breaking record building tallest in the world's until 1930. this record then replaced by the Chrysler Building in New York City (1047 feet) after finished constructed. The metal structure of the Eiffel Tower weighs 7300 tons, and the weight of the entirestructure including non-metal components weighing 10,000 tons. The tower this alsoswinging 6-7 cm (2-3 inches) when the wind was blowing pretty fresh. First and second levels are accessible by stairs and elevator. Visitors can reach this place via the stairs on the south. Care is needed to tower 50 to 60 tons of paint every seven years to avoidcorrosion. The tower is also in the paint with three different colors. Dark color to thebottom, and light color on top.

Eiffel was built to big events greet World Exposition, or world-class exhibition in celebration of one century the French revolution. Gustave Eiffel was originally going to build this tower in the city of Barcelona, but the city government considered the project too expensive and not suitable for the city of Barcelona. Gustave Eiffel then send the proposal to the city of Paris, and was recently approved by one more year. The tower this inaugurated on March 31, 1889, and opened on May 6. To build 18,083 towers require 300 workers and 2.5 million component of iron nails.

Eiffel has standing permission for 20 years, means must be dismantled in 1909, when ownership transferred to the government of the City of Paris. The city government has planned to demolish. The city government has planned to demolish, but canceled due to profitable in terms of economic, military, or development of communication networks. Eiffel tower dedicated  to the 72 names of scientists, engineers and other famous people, which is written in the tower. The names were removed in the early 20th century but restored in 1986-1987 by Société Nouvelle d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel.
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