Minggu, 20 November 2011

Kaaba, the sacred Muslim Building

Kaaba is a historic building one of the seven wonders of the world, a place sacred to Muslims. This building is also called the Baitullah, a center of worship and Qibla of Muslims when praying. The shape resembles a cube height 13.10 m and 11.03 m x12 side, 62m. located in the middle of the Grand Mosque in Makkah. Every year millions of Muslims from all over the world visited this place for pilgrimage. Historians opinions differ as to who founded the Kaaba. Some opinions say angels, and there is an opinion that ka'ba founding is prophet adam.

Kaaba a renovated by Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Ismail in the Qur`an, 14:37 was explained that the Kaaba was there when the Prophet Abraham to place the Black Stone and baby Ishmael in that place. When the Prophet Muhammad was 30 years old, this building was renovated again due to flash floods that hit the city of Mecca. Originally Kaaba building consists of two doors. But because of lack of funds, building the Kaaba made only one. Doors Ka'ba is located on the ground, not like now, the door is a bit high. At that time there is a conflict between tribal leaders when it will be placed back aswad stone. But the figure of the Prophet Muhammad's leadership could ease the tension without the any aggrieved party.

When the Prophet Muhammad was appointed as the Messenger (Rasul), and moved to the city of Medina, Ka'ba environment full of sculpture as the embodiment of God of the Arabs when the darkness of thought (jahilliyah). The teachings of Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Moses to not worship objects or living things, not adhered to the Arab nation at that time. Prophet Muhammad clean up all the sculptures in the Kaaba and liberate the city of Mecca without bloodshed.
 The building was then in the care of the Bani Sya'ibah. Hajj Administration and services regulated by the government caliphs Abu Bakr, Umar ibn Khattab, Uthman ibn Affan, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan, Ummayyah dynasty, Abbasid dynasty, Ottoman Turkish dynasty. Until now, the royal government of Saudi Arabia is responsible for taking care of two Muslim holy cities, Mecca and Medina. Prophet Muhammad had to cancel his plans to renovate again Kaaba, because his followers newly converted to Islam. When Abdullah bin Zubair govern the Hijaz region, the building was rebuilt according to the message of Prophet Muhammad.
But when there is war with Abdul Malik bin Marwan Sham area authorities (now Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine), the Kaaba burned by gunfire Sham troops. Abdul Malik bin Marwan became caliph, the renovation of the Kaaba on the basis of the building at the time of Prophet Muhammad SAW and not based on the foundation of Prophet Ibrahim. Ka’ba in the history of the next several times suffered damage as a result of the war and as age of the building. When the reign the Abbasid Caliphate, the Caliph Harun al-Rashid's plans to renovate the ka'ba again according to the foundation of Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Muhammad desired. But this plan was opposed a leading cleric, Imam Malik for fear that the next ruler always will be dismantled ka'ba .
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